04/19/1775 American Revolution Begins - Kimber Forum


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Old 04-19-2019, 07:09 AM   #1
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04/19/1775 American Revolution Begins

1775 American Revolution begins at Battle of Lexington

At about 5 a.m., 700 British troops, on a mission to capture Patriot leaders and seize a Patriot arsenal, march into Lexington to find 77 armed minutemen under Captain John Parker waiting for them on the townís common green. British Major John Pitcairn ordered the outnumbered Patriots to disperse, and after a momentís hesitation the Americans began to drift off the green. Suddenly, a shot was fired from an undetermined gun, and a cloud of musket smoke soon covered the green. When the brief Battle of Lexington ended, eight Americans lay dead or dying and 10 others were wounded. Only one British soldier was injured, but the American Revolution had begun.

By 1775, tensions between the American colonies and the British government approached the breaking point, especially in Massachusetts, where Patriot leaders formed a shadow revolutionary government and trained militias to prepare for armed conflict with the British troops occupying Boston. In the spring of 1775, General Thomas Gage, the British governor of Massachusetts, received instructions from England to seize all stores of weapons and gunpowder accessible to the American insurgents. On April 18, he ordered British troops to march against the Patriot arsenal at Concord and capture Patriot leaders Samuel Adams and John Hancock, known to be hiding at Lexington.

The Boston Patriots had been preparing for such a military action by the British for some time, and upon learning of the British plan, Patriots Paul Revere and William Dawes were ordered to set out to rouse the militiamen and warn Adams and Hancock. When the British troops arrived at Lexington, Adams, Hancock, and Revere had already fled to Philadelphia, and a group of militiamen were waiting. The Patriots were routed within minutes, but warfare had begun, leading to calls to arms across the Massachusetts countryside.

When the British troops reached Concord at about 7 a.m., they found themselves encircled by hundreds of armed Patriots. They managed to destroy the military supplies the Americans had collected but were soon advanced against by a gang of minutemen, who inflicted numerous casualties. Lieutenant Colonel Frances Smith, the overall commander of the British force, ordered his men to return to Boston without directly engaging the Americans. As the British retraced their 16-mile journey, their lines were constantly beset by Patriot marksmen firing at them Indian-style from behind trees, rocks, and stone walls. At Lexington, Captain Parkerís militia had its revenge, killing several British soldiers as the Red Coats hastily marched through his town. By the time the British finally reached the safety of Boston, nearly 300 British soldiers had been killed, wounded, or were missing in action. The Patriots suffered fewer than 100 casualties.

The battles of Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the American Revolution, a conflict that would escalate from a colonial uprising into a world war that, seven years later, would give birth to the independent United States of America.
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Old 04-19-2019, 02:01 PM   #2
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And in Oct 1781 it ended

Great intro topic!
I live less than 2 miles from Yorktown, where Lord Cornwallis took a beating from French and US artillery and dismounted attacks on his redoubts, leaving him with several poor alternatives:
a. Awaiting Sir Henry Clinton and his troops reinforcing (or so he thought) from New York.

b. But what he didn't know was that the Comte de Grasse and his French fleet had secured the sea escape route at the Chesapeake Bay.

c. "Bloody" Banastre Tarleton and his loyalist Cavalry were just across the York River foraging and given the task to secure the northern bank of Gloucester so Lord Cornwallis could retrograde his troops across the river and escape the onslaught.

d. But what Cornwallis didn't know, was that Tarleton had engaged in the Last Cavalry Charge at the Battle of the Hook against the Duc de Lauzern....and was soundly beaten.

e. The Lord frowned on the Brits and created a storm when Cornwallis actually tried to send elements of his forces across the York, causing them to have to return.

f. As we used to say in the Air Cav, Cornwallis ran out of ideas, airspeed and altitude all about the same time, and he had to submit to Washington at Yorktown in October 1781.

Fantastic living here at the birthplace of our nation!
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